High blood pressure or hypertension is a leading cause of many cardiovascular diseases.
It occurs when the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high.
That said, hypertension is the most common risk factor of heart diseases.
High blood pressure is a silent killer
What’s concerning about a high blood pressure is that it may come with no signs or symptoms. It is often referred to as a silent killer in the sense that there are no specific indicators of the disease.
According to the American Heart Association, “High blood pressure (HBP, or hypertension) has no obvious symptoms to indicate that something is wrong.” “The best ways to protect yourself are being aware of the risks and making changes that matter,” they add.
While high blood pressure cannot be cured, with the help of certain lifestyle changes and medicines, it can be managed efficiently.
Warning signs of high blood pressure levels
There are no specific tell tale signs of high blood pressure. However, once you develop it, your heart is at a great risk. While without proper diagnosis, HBP is hardly detectable, there are certain warning signs that may arise, when you’re already at a severe stage.
1. Headaches and nosebleeds
Usually, a high blood pressure does not show any sign. However, in most extreme cases, one may experience headaches along with nose bleeds, especially when blood pressure is 180/120 mm Hg or higher, according to the American Heart Association. If you continue to experience headaches and have a bleeding nose, call for medical help immediately.
2. Shortness of breath
When a person suffers from an intense pulmonary hypertension, which is high blood pressure in the blood vessels that supply the lungs, he or she may experience shortness of breath, especially while performing daily activities like walking, lifting, climbing stairs and more. In a hypertensive crisis, apart from the shortness of breath, you may experience severe anxiety, headache, nosebleeds and may lose consciousness, if not attended on time.
How to lower blood pressure levels
As per the American Heart Association (AHA), physical activity is key to keeping your blood pressure in check. Doing so maintains a healthy weight and also reduces your blood pressure levels, further lowering your risk of developing other cardiovascular diseases.
Other than that, following the right diet is extremely important. Limit your sugar and carb intake and keep a watch on the amount of calories you consume. Say no to excess sodium consumption and cut back on processed food.
Manage your stress levels with yoga meditation and make s ure you get sufficient sleep.